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Straight (1A, 1B, 1C)

Hair lies flat.

Soft and silky.

Hair tends to get oily faster. 

Straight hair is the easiest to maintain. 

Oil build-up can cause hair to look and feel greasy making it difficult to style. 

1 A:

  • 100% straight, no pattern

  • Fine

  • Falls out or sheds

  • Does hold curls

  • High risk of breakage


  • Straight w/ slight waves

  • Medium texture (thicker hair strands)

  • Has body & able to hold curl 

  • Tends to be more shiny and oily


  • More body, bends, waves

  • Coarse, frizzy

  • Less shiny


  • Use Light hair gels and creams to avoid weighing down hair

  • Use Hair Masks for moisture, nutrition and volume

  • Use clarifying shampoo (once a week)

  • Use a moisturizing and volumizing conditioner


  • Avoid heavy products

  • Beware of heat damage (curling irons and blow dryers)

  • Sulfates

  • Parabens

  • Protein Overload

  • Isopropyl Alcohol

Oils for hair

  • Avocado Oil

  • Coconut Oil

  • Castor Oil

  • Sweet Almond Oil

WAVY (2A, 2B, 2C)

Neither straight or curly.

Holds a hair style.

Rough texture and thick diameter.


  • Thin wavy

  • Lack volume


  • Medium wavy

  • Falls into a defined (s-shape)

  • Frizzy crown


  • More defined at the root

  • Thick and coarse

  • Prone to frizzing


  • Light Mousses and gels to weigh hair down less

  • Wash hair for more definition

  • Diffuse wet, but not soaking hair upside down after washing for more volume


  • Avoid heavy products

  • Beware of heat damage (curling irons and blow dryers)

  • Sulfates

  • Parabens

  • Protein Overload

  • Isopropyl Alcohol

Oils for hair:

  • Rose Oil

  • Coconut Oil

  • Almond Oil

  • Argan Oil

Curly (3A, 3B, 3C)

Prone to frizzy and tangles quickly. 

Higher density compared to wavy and straight hair.


  • Big, Loose curls

  • Shiny and a well defined (s-shape)

  • More definition by twirling small sections together


  • Gently stretch w/o heating

  • Leave in conditioners

  • Anti-humectant styling cream or milk for less frizz and more definition


  • Medium springy curls

  • Ringlets or corkscrews 

  • Coarse and dense


  • Tight Curls (s-pattern)

  • Very dense

  • Tight corkscrews with the most shrinkage of curls


  • Avoid heavy products

  • Beware of heat damage (curling irons and blow dryers)

  • Sulfates

  • Parabens

  • Protein Overload

  • Isopropyl Alcohol

Oils for hair:

  • Shea Butter

  • Jojoba Oil

  • Argan Oil

  • Grape seed Oil

  • Coconut Oil

  • Castor Oil

Coily (4A, 4B, 4C)

High density with extremely tight curls.

Prone to breakage and damage if not taken care of.

Looks can be deceiving! This hair texture looks coarse and rough but actually fragile and soft.

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  • Coily (s pattern)

  • Springy coils are either wiry or fine

  • Tightly coiled with s-pattern


  • Deep conditioning masques, butters, and creams are good options for preserving hair health.

  • Curl creams and gel

  • Creamy humectant as a leave-in 

  • Co-wash and rinse with conditioners

  • Butter creams and rich conditioners


  • Z pattern (zig zag)

  • Tighter curls and less defined

  • Fine, thin, wiry and coarse


  • Avoid heavy products

  • Beware of heat damage (curling irons and blow dryers)

  • Sulfates

  • Parabens

  • Protein Overload

  • Isopropyl Alcohol


  • Tight Coily 

  • Similar to 4b

  • Less definition, more shrinkage

  • Texture varies from fine, thin, soft, wiry and coarse

  • Very delicate

Oils for hair:

  • Coconut Oil

  • Jamaican Castor Oil

  • Avocado Oil

  • Grape seed Oil

  • Jojoba Oil

  • Olive Oil 


This will help you determine how to wash your hair and condition your hair by picking the right products.


  1. Oily Hair: heavily greasy. Needs to wash hair 4 to 5 times weekly.

  2. Normal Hair: light oil. Has normal scalp and can wash 1 to 2 times weekly.

  3. Dry Hair: No oil present. Lack of hydration. Need products to lock in and retain moisture.

  4. Combination Hair: specific regions of the scalp.


Hair density is how much hair you have on your head. There are 3 levels of Density Diameters:


  1. THIN: See Scalp (density)

    • Barely feel strands (diameter)

  2. MEDIUM: Partially see the scalp

    • Slightly feel strands (diameter)

  3. THICK: Hardly see scalp

    • Distinctively feel strands (diameter)


Refers to the extent of a single hair strands ability to stretch before returning to its natural state.


There are 3 types of elasticity:

  1. Low: snaps immediately after stretching.

  2. Medium: Stretches to some extent before breaking, which some women hair medium elasticity hair. Can be strengthened by using hair masks and oils.  

  3. High: Stronger hair. Can stretch a long way w/o breaking. Coarse hair is high elastic. 


Refers to the hairs ability to absorb and retain moisture.

(1) Low Porosity: little or no environmental damage. cuticles are extremely tight and it doesn’t allow moisture in or out. Hair is often shiny and smooth.


(2) Low Porosity: exposed to some environmental damage. Healthy and easy to manage. Doesn’t tangle, looks shiny. Cuticles are very tight and its hard for moisture to penetrate into the hair shaft. 


  • float to the surface

  • Takes hair long to dry

  • Hair cuticles hair fewer pores to absorb water


(3) Medium Porosity: Altered and colored with chemical processing, cuticles are half hair open, allows moisture in but also starts loosing it easily. 


  • Floats between the water

  • Normal and can retain moisture, doesn’t require a ton of maintenance

  • Can hold a style

  • Less prone to damage


(4) High Porosity: Altered and colored w/ chemical processing. Needs additional care and attention, cuticles are open, needs a lot of moisture because it loses it easily. Needs more conditioner. Deep conditioning is a must have in your haircare routine.


(5) High Porosity: too compromised to save, completely damaged. No cuticle left  on strands, no structure, gummy to touch and break quickly. cutting it off and starting fresh to restore your hair.


  • Sinks to the bottom

  • frizzy and rough easily, dries quickly, never hydrated enough

  • Prone to damage


  1. If water forms A LOT droplets on top of hair its LOW porosity

  2. If water forms  LITTLE droplets nut sinks after its MEDIUM porosity

  3. If water instantly sinks into hair its HIGH porosity. 

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